History of Child Labor Laws
Child Labor Laws in the U.S.A.
The history of child labor laws in the U.S. is an interesting one. Children were preferred in factories because the business owners did not have to pay as much in wages and the kids were less likely to strike.
Adults began working for reform in child labor laws. It took a while, but they were finally successful.
Forms of child labor, including indentured servitude and child slavery, have existed throughout American history. As industrialization moved workers from farms and home workshops into urban areas and factory work, children were often preferred, because factory owners viewed them as more manageable, cheaper, and less likely to strike. Growing opposition to child labor in the North caused many factories to move to the South. By 1900, states varied considerably in whether they had child labor standards and in their content and degree of enforcement. By then, American children worked in large numbers in mines, glass factories, textiles, agriculture, canneries, home industries, and as newsboys, messengers, bootblacks, and peddlers. Click here to read more.
Click here to view this short video, on the history of child labor laws.